How to Plant Mango at Home in 9 Simple Steps. In addition, Mango has a rich tropical aroma and flavor that evokes thoughts of sunny climates and gentle breezes. So when planting the mango in warmer areas you can awaken that feeling. prepared this article with a lot of information about How to Plant Mango, its nutritional value, and much more.
However, how do you plant a mango tree? Mango planting is suitable in zones where temperatures generally do not drop below 40°F (4°C). If you’re lucky enough to live in a tropical to subtropical climate, take advantage of these mango care tips and enjoy the fruits of your labor in just a few years.
The mango tree is a beautiful tree with glossy, dense foliage. The new shoots are reddish, the mature one is dark green. Depending on the variety, mango trees can grow between 15 m and 35 m in diameter for tree seedlings of older varieties.
But you can keep a hose small by pruning it regularly. A mango tree in full bloom is a sight to behold. The large pink panicles are at the ends of the branches and cover the entire tree. Oh and they smell good too
Nutritional Value of Mango:
Mangoes are rich in vitamin C. In fact, one mango contains all the vitamin C you need for an entire day. Vitamin C is essential for the functioning of the immune system, muscular connective tissue, and healthy blood walls. You are getting an insufficient amount of vitamin C every day can cause bruising and make it difficult for wounds to heal properly.
Mango is also rich in potassium and contains almost no sodium, so consumption of mango can help regulate blood pressure and balance body fluids. Mangoes also have high levels of folate and vitamin A. Folate is a B-complex vitamin that is important for heart health and blood cell production. Vitamin A is needed for normal vision, healthy skin, reproductive health and normal cell development. Mangoes also contain quercetin and mangiferin, which are two potential antioxidant compounds. Antioxidants help protect your body’s cells from damage caused by free radicals (which experts believe cause cancer, atherosclerosis, and other diseases).
- Mango is rich in vitamins A and C as well as iron.
Palmer: One of the first varieties that can be found in markets because of its early harvest. Mango Palmer offers a very smooth texture so it can be enjoyed by the whole family.Alphonso: It’s a new type of Mango, but it became very popular in a short time thanks to its juiciness, flavor and texture.
- Ataulfo: This small variety is very hardy after harvesting, so it is easy to find in stores and offers excellent export prospects.
- Carabao: This mango is world-renowned thanks to its exotic flavor. It is considered one of the sweetest mangoes.
- Edward: Sweet and spicy is this variety that can be easily eaten with a spoon. Francis: It’s oily and very sweet.
- Irwin: Firm and juicy, aromatic and flavorful, sweet and intense. This variety is fragile so it is not easy to find, but due to the characteristics it has, it is one of the most appreciated products.
- Julie: Small mango with exceptional flavor, although not easy to produce.
- Keitt: A high-quality Manga, very easy to find.
Kensington: After harvesting, it retains its shape, smell, and taste for quite some time, making it a very popular choice.
- Kesar: It’s probably the most expensive variety of mangoes, but that means it’s an exceptional quality product.
- Mabrouk: This mango comes from Egypt, and its main characteristic is its pleasant taste it has.
Manila: Very sweet and juicy, this mango
How to plant mango at home
Choose a ripe mango from the market. Fully ripe mango seeds germinate faster than those of unripe fruits. A mango grown from its seed may not resemble the mother plant or produce identical fruit. Buy a nursery-propagated seedling, if you prefer.
After you’ve eaten the juicy fruit, scrape off the remaining flesh from the mango with a scraper. Pry the outer shell with a chisel and carefully remove the inner seed.
Insert two small sticks into each side of the mango seed and place the mango seed in a small jar of water so that half of the seed is submerged. Rest the sticks in the jar so the top of the pit remains dry.
Wait two weeks for the seed to germinate, adding more water when the water level drops below the seed.
Once the seed sprouts, producing small white roots, remove it from the water and plant it in a 10 liter pot with good drainage. Fill the pot with a light potting mix containing compost and place the pit 2 inches below the surface with the rooted parts pointing down. Place the pot in a warm, sunny spot in the house.
Water the soil frequently to keep it evenly moist, and spray the plant occasionally with a spray bottle filled with water to keep the leaves clean and increase moisture.
Feed the hose monthly during the summer months with a balanced, water-soluble houseplant fertilizer, but withhold the fertilizer through the winter and reduce the water as well.
Squeeze the top leaves of the Mango occasionally to maintain its compact size and improve its appearance.
Place the hose under grow lights during the winter to encourage fruiting.
After flowering, mango fruits start to ripen in the next 3-4 months, it all depends on the climate and variety you are growing. In hot, humid climates, the fruits ripen quickly. Pluck the berries when their scent becomes sweet and tempting. You can pick unripe fruits too, these are used to make ice cream and other homemade recipes.
Tips for planting mango at home
Mangos are polyembryonic or monoembryonic. Polyembryonic mango seeds grow in plants with the same characteristics as the parent plant. Monoembryonic mangos may or may not have the same characteristics as the mother plant. Many growers who plant a monoembryonic seed often graft a cutting onto a young monoembryonic monoembryonic plant to ensure its quality, although this step is not absolutely necessary. Apply 2 to 4 inches of organic compost to the soil surface once or twice a year to fertilize mangoes.
Pests and Diseases
Mango’s most serious disease is anthracnose, a fungus that can cause the flowers to turn black and fall off. It also causes black spots on the stem and small fruit, the leaves can turn brown. Some varieties are more susceptible to this than others and it is worse on wet days.
This is worse in areas where it rains during flowering and fruit. It is best in areas with dry winters, anthracnose can only be seen when the fruit ripens. It develops black spots that turn rotten. Unless you want to spray nasty things like copper solution or fungicides, you may have to live with anthracnose and accept some losses.
A healthy tree with strong cell walls will show fewer infections than a weak one. There are many newer Mango varieties that show good resistance to anthracnose. Get one of these if you live in a climate with winter rains!
Any other mango pests and diseases like bugs, borers, and anything else that is out there should be kept in check if you have a diverse permaculture garden that encourages beneficial insects. One more tip is to ditch cleaning and leave your lower hose branches lying on the ground.
Healthy Ways to Consume Mango:
Mango has a large pit inside, which makes it a little tricky to cut the fruit. Serve fresh mangoes as a snack with some yogurt, spread mango chunks over a salad for lunch, make a topping for the main course, or serve them with some whipped cream and chopped walnuts for a sweet dessert.
Frozen mango pieces are perfect for fruit juices. They go well with other tropical fruits like bananas and pineapples or mixed with low-fat yogurt and almond milk.
Recipes with Mango
Creamy Mango Juice Recipe: prepare this juice, you need a banana, diced mango, juice of half a lemon, an apple, and orange juice. Mix all ingredients in a blender. The creamy texture of the juice comes thanks to the addition of bananas in the recipe. Extra tip: those who prefer can use natural yogurt in the recipe.
Rice Porridge with Mango Recipe:
- 1 cardamom
pinch of salt
- 3/4 cups long-grain rice
- 1 1/2 cups coconut milk
- 2 tablespoons of sugar
- 1/4 teaspoon of vanilla extract
- 1/4 cup sweetened coconut flakes
- 1 Mango, peeled and cut into pieces
- lemon, cut into slice
Bring 1 1/2 cups of water, cardamom, and a pinch of salt to a boil, add the rice and bring to a boil, then cover and cook over low heat until the water has been fully absorbed and the rice is cooked through about 20 minutes.
Remove the lid and stir the rice with a fork. Add the coconut milk, sugar, and vanilla extract and bring to a boil over medium heat. Cook until the mixture thickens, about 5 minutes. Remove from heat and serve immediately garnished with coconut flakes, mango, and lemon wedges.
Mango Guacamole Recipe:
- 4 medium avocados
- 2 tablespoons fresh coriander, chopped
- \1 lemon juice
- 1/2 teaspoon salt (or more, to taste)
- cup fresh mango, cubed.
PREPARATION MODE: First, peel the mango and cut it into cubes. Left it aside. Then peel 4 medium avocados and place in the bowl. Using a fork, knead until they have reached the desired consistency. Add the cilantro, lemon, salt, and mango and mix.